If you’re considering becoming an actuary, you probably want to know how many actuarial exams you’re going to need to pass in order to be fully qualified.

Here’s the short answer: To become an actuary in the U.S. or Canada, the number of exams that you’ll need to pass depends on what designation you’re aiming to achieve.  You’ll need to pass 7 exams to become a CERA or 10 exams to become an FSA or FCAS.

What does this mean exactly?

Well, there are 2 primary directions you can go in your actuarial career. You’ll either become a life and health insurance actuary, in which case you’d take exams administered by the Society of Actuaries (SOA). The alternative is to become a property and casualty insurance actuary and in that case you’d likely write exams offered by the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS).

Update: It is possible to become a property and casualty actuary through the Society of Actuaries, but that option is fairly new.

Life and Health Insurance Path

Let’s start with the life and health insurance path. These exams are administered by the Society of Actuaries (SOA). There are two designations that you can choose to obtain under this path. First is to become a Fellow of the Society of Actuaries (FSA) and the second option is to become a Chartered Enterprise Risk Actuary (CERA). Some people choose to get both designations.

Fellow of the Society of Actuaries

If you decide to be an FSA, there you’ll have 10 exams to complete. Here is a list of the exams:

Exam P
Exam FM
Exam IFM
Exam SRM
Exam STAM
Exam LTAM
Exam PA
Plus 3 fellowship exams

I haven’t included the fellowship exams because the specific ones that you’ll write depend on which fellowship exam track you choose. Each track offers a different specialization, such as life insurance and annuities, group insurance, or retirement benefits. Don’t worry, you won’t need to choose your track until much later in your career so it’s not something to worry about now.

Certified Enterprise Risk Actuary

The alternative to becoming an FSA is to become a CERA. An actuary with this designation will have a very strong risk background. There are just 7 exams that you’d need to pass in order to obtain this, which is the lowest number of exams of all the different designations I’ve mentioned.

Many of the exams needed to obtain the CERA designation are the same as those needed to obtain the FSA designation. In fact, you can obtain the CERA designation on your way to becoming an FSA if you choose the right track.

Here are the CERA exam requirements:
Exam P
Exam FM
Exam IFM
Exam SRM
Exam STAM
Exam PA
ERM Exam (a fellowship level exam)

Property and Casualty Path

Lastly, lets talk about going the property and casualty route through the Casualty Actuarial Society (CAS).  This type of actuary deals primarily with house insurance, auto insurance and reinsurance.

Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society

There are 10 exams you’d need to write in order to obtain the Fellow of the Casualty Actuarial Society (FCAS) designation. Fortunately, the first 3 exams here are the same as the first 3 exams required for the other two designations, so you don’t need to decide which exam path to take until after your third exam. Really, you just need to decide which exam to take first because they do not have to be written in the order posted here.

Here are the FCAS exam requirements:
Exam 1 (aka Exam P under the SOA)
Exam 2 (aka Exam FM under the SOA)
Exam 3F (aka Exam IFM under the SOA)
Exam MAS-I
Exam MAS-II
Exam 5
Exam 6
Exam 7
Exam 8
Exam 9

Other Non-Exam Requirements

In addition to exams, there are some other requirements that you need to meet in order to become a fully qualified actuary under any of these methods. These include several online modules, a one-day in-person professionalism course, VEE credits (can be obtained through school courses, or more exams), a presentation, and a certain number of years of experience working in an actuarial position.

Once you’re done writing exams and are fully qualified as an FSA, FCAS or CERA, there are ongoing personal development credits that you need to earn annually, as well as annual fees (dues) that need to be paid to the society that you’re a part of.

All these qualifications require thousands of dollars (many of which will be paid by an employer once hired in an actuarial position) and thousands of hours of studying. It’s a big commitment, but it can be a very rewarding, challenging and fun career.

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